Founded in 1921, the Volcani Institute, now located at Beit Dagan, specializes in:
- Agriculture under arid conditions and on marginal soils
- Irrigation using recycled wastewater and saline water
- Crop cultivation in protected environments
- Freshwater aquaculture under conditions of water shortage
- Minimization of produce losses through pest control and post-harvest storage methods
- Breeding and development of new strains of crops and domestic animals better suited to adverse conditions.